Stirling Castle has a long and colourful history, sitting atop a volcanic plug, like Edinburgh Castle it affords a splendid view of the surrounding area.
The possession of Stirling Castle has long been the key to controlling central Scotland. Stirling Castle as we know it today largely dates back to the reign of James IV who began a massive building programme there. This was continued by James V and James VI, who was raised at Stirling Castle.
The castle has been sieged a number of times perhaps most memorably in 1304 when the English King Edward refused to accept the surrender of Stirling Castle until he´d had a chance to show off his new siege engine the Warwolf which was built by 445 workmen and was given a day to destroy the castle walls.
Some of the most important battles of Scottish history have taken place in the surrounding area and none more so than the Battle of Bannockburn when the English army under King Edward II came north to relieve Stirling Castle and were dealt a crushing blow by Robert the Bruce.
Stirling is one of Scotland´s grandest castles and well worth a visit. Highlights include the beautifully restored Great Hall constructed by James IV, which is the largest medieval banqueting hall in the country, the renaissance palace of James V and the chapel built by James VI. It is open year round and costs £8.50 for adults and £4.25 for children.